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Posted in: August 2016
WHO expands recommendation on oral Pre-Exposure Prophyhlaxis of HIV infection (PrEP)
Posted: Aug 22, 2016
Category: Policy Guidelines

WHO expands recommendation on oral Pre-Exposure Prophyhlaxis of HIV infection (PrEP)

What is PrEP?
Oral pre-exposure prophylaxis of
HIV infection – PrEP – is the use of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs by people who do not have HIV infection in order to prevent the acquisition of HIV.

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Building girls`protective assets
Posted: Aug 22, 2016
Category: Gender-based violence

Building girls`protective assets

Adolescent girls have become a key target population for empowerment, health, and development initiatives in low- and middle-income countries. Building Girls’ Protective Assets: A Collection of Tools for Program Design is intended for organizations that are committed to extending their programs to reach excluded subpopulations of girls and young women—whether they are the poorest girls in the poorest communities, the 10–14-year-old girls who are out of school and not living with either parent, or another subpopulation of young girls that is likely to miss out.
The collection contains tools and exercises to help programmers translate evidence on “what works” into girl-centered programming. The resources in this collection focus on programs that have been effective—through empowerment and the building of protective assets—in reducing girls’ risks and broadening their opportunities.
The tools and exercises in this collection will help program staff:

• assess and adjust current target groups and establish new target groups to ensure they are reaching those most in need of protective assets;
• adapt program materials to respond to the reality of girls’ lives; and
• monitor and evaluate to measure effects and adjust activities to increase impact.

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National HIV testing services: policy
Posted: Aug 22, 2016
Category: Adolescent youth friendly services

National HIV testing services: policy

HIV represents the primary burden of disease in South Africa, with an estimated national prevalence of 12.2 per cent in 2012. The HIV annual incidence among individuals aged 15 to 49 years is estimated at 1.9 per cent, and 2.3 per cent among youth aged 15 to 24 years.
The country has a generalised and maturing HIV epidemic, with the highest number of people (6.4 million) living with HIV in the world. The prevalence of HIV in South Africa remains high. This can be attributed to the rapid scale-up and success of the antiretroviral treatment (ART) programme. It is estimated that approximately three million people are on ART, making it the largest programme in the world. HIV counselling and testing (HCT) is now referred to as HIV testing services (HTS) to embrace the full range of services that should be provided together with HIV testing.

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Reclaiming and redefining rights: setting the adolescent and young people SRHR agenda beyond icpd+20
Posted: Aug 22, 2016
Category: Fact Sheets

Reclaiming and redefining rights: setting the adolescent and young people SRHR agenda beyond icpd+20

These Global South Adolescent and Young People Fact Sheets, have been developed as part of the ICPD+20 Global South SRHR Monitoring and Research Initiative steered by ARROW in partnership with Central and Eastern European Women’s Network for Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (ASTRA), Latin American and Caribbean Women’s Health Network (LACWHN), Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR) and the World YWCA. The fact sheets provide the most recent data and analysis on adolescent and young people SRHR across the Global South regions. The recommendations to respective governments, donors, UN agencies take into consideration the evidence and lived realities of adolescent and young people in Asia and the Pacific, Eastern Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, and the Middle East and Northern Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa.

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HIV and health – teenage pregnancy
Posted: Aug 22, 2016
Category: Fact Sheets

HIV and health – teenage pregnancy

Knowledge of the status of teenage pregnancy in South Africa Adolescents, like many other age groups in South Africa, are greatly impacted by the HIV/AIDS pandemic. In fact, the National Strategic Plan on HIV & AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections identifies young people aged 15 – 24 years as a specific target group for all interventions. It is therefore important that safe sexual behavior is encouraged and practised, and that patterns of high risk sexual activity, of which teenage pregnancy is one consequence, are also understood in the context of the HIV pandemic.

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